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Distributed Databases vs Database Plus, Which is Better?

As modern organizations increasingly rely on efficient data management, distributed database systems have gained popularity for their high availability, scalability, and fault tolerance. Nevertheless, these systems also face challenges and limitations. A newer approach, known as DB+ (Database Plus), aims to tackle some of these limitations. In this essay, we will contrast distributed databases and database plus to evaluate the potential advantages and disadvantages of each.



  1. Q: What challenges do enterprises face due to database fragmentation? A: Distributed databases may suffer from database fragmentation, which can lead to difficulties in architecture selection, numerous technical challenges, high operation & maintenance complexity, and a lack of collaboration and unified management among databases.

  2. Q: What is the Database Plus approach to distributed databases? A: Database Plus is a design concept for distributed databases that aims to build an ecosystem on top of fragmented heterogeneous databases. It provides globally scalable and enhanced computing capabilities while maximizing the original database computing capabilities.

  3. Q: How does Database Plus overcome the challenges of fragmented databases? A: Database Plus overcomes the challenges of fragmented databases through its Connect, Enhance, and Pluggable design philosophy. It provides an intermediate layer that can connect to various databases, enhances database computing capabilities, and is built on a pluggable architecture that enables it to expand and manage global capabilities.

What is Distributed Database?

Distributed databases are designed to offer high levels of data availability, durability, and fault tolerance by distributing data across multiple nodes. Each node in a distributed database stores a portion of the data, and the entire cluster works in unison to provide a coherent view of the data for applications. database plus, a relatively new approach, claims to address certain limitations of traditional distributed databases by offering a more flexible, adaptable, and high-performance system capable of handling complex data scenarios in contemporary organizations.

Examples of Distributed Databases

Let's take a glance over popular distributed databases. Various industries and applications, from social media platforms to financial institutions, utilize distributed databases. Here are some notable examples:

  • Apache Cassandra: A NoSQL database used by Apple, Netflix, and Twitter for managing large data volumes across multiple servers.
  • Google Cloud Spanner: A globally distributed relational database employed by Cisco and Evernote for its strong consistency and scalability.
  • Amazon DynamoDB: A NoSQL database used by Airbnb and Lyft for its rapid performance and flexibility.
  • CockroachDB: A distributed SQL database utilized by Comcast and Bose for its horizontal scalability and high traffic load management capabilities.

These examples demonstrate the diverse range of distributed databases and their use cases. While each database has strengths and weaknesses, database plus offers distinct advantages in terms of customization, support for microservice architecture, user experience, and performance optimization.

Comparing Distributed Databases and Database Plus

Customizable Data Sharding

One significant advantage of database plus over traditional distributed databases is its highly customizable and adaptable nature, catering to a wide range of application scenarios. For instance, database plus allows for customizable data sharding, optimizing query performance by distributing data across multiple nodes. Additionally, database plus supports customizable data encryption for enhanced security.

Conversely, traditional distributed databases generally have inflexible sharding mechanisms that limit data distribution flexibility, especially for large, complex data sets. Moreover, traditional distributed databases may lack robust encryption options, raising security concerns.

However, it is essential to recognize that customization and adaptability can introduce additional complexity and implementation challenges, potentially increasing costs and causing implementation delays.

Microservice Architecture Support

database plus excels in supporting microservice architectures, which divide applications into small, independent services, each with its data store. Traditional distributed databases often struggle to integrate with microservice architectures, leading to increased complexity and potential performance issues.

database plus is designed to support microservice architectures with flexible deployment options, enabling seamless integration into microservice backends. Additionally, database plus's Traffic Rule feature helps organizations optimize resource usage by efficiently routing traffic to appropriate nodes, ensuring top performance for distributed data access.

Improved User Experience for DBAs

Managing distributed databases can be challenging due to complex and unwieldy interfaces. Traditional distributed databases might be more difficult for database administrators (DBAs) to manage, often resulting in a steep learning curve, limited management options, and potential downtime for database maintenance.

To address these issues, database plus offers a DistSQL operation mode, providing a native database operation experience that may help DBAs manage distributed databases more effectively. Furthermore, database plus integrates with third-party systems, further simplifying database management for DBAs and other stakeholders.

Enhanced Performance

Performance optimization is a critical factor when comparing traditional distributed databases and database plus. With organizations increasingly relying on data-intensive applications, achieving optimal database performance is crucial. database plus features a Proxyless Service Mesh design that improves performance by eliminating bottlenecks that can occur in traditional proxy-based designs. This is particularly beneficial for internet-focused businesses that require high concurrency and low latency.

In contrast, traditional distributed databases may struggle to deliver optimal performance, especially with large, complex data sets. Moreover, traditional distributed databases may experience latency and downtime issues related to network connectivity and data synchronization challenges.

Assessing the Better Option

While DB+ introduces a distinctive approach to distributed database systems, it is essential to weigh its advantages and drawbacks against traditional distributed database systems to make an informed decision.

Both distributed databases and DB+ have unique advantages and disadvantages. While distributed databases have served as the backbone for many data-intensive organizations for decades, DB+ offers a solution to address some limitations of traditional distributed databases and might position it as a more appealing choice for numerous modern organizations.

Drawbacks of Database Plus

On the other hand, it is essential to be critical of the potential challenges associated with DB+. Implementing DB+ may demand additional resources and expertise, leading to increased adoption costs. Additionally, DB+ may not have the same level of community support and adoption as traditional distributed database systems, which could impact its long-term viability. Organizations should also consider potential compatibility issues with existing infrastructure and technologies. Consequently, organizations must thoroughly evaluate their specific needs and objectives to determine if DB+ is the most suitable choice for their operations.


In summary, both distributed databases and DB+ have their merits and drawbacks. Distributed databases have long been the foundation for numerous data-intensive organizations, while database plus offers an innovative solution to address some of the limitations faced by traditional distributed databases. Factors such as flexible customization and adaptability, microservice architecture support, performance optimization, and an enhanced user experience may position database plus as the preferred choice for many contemporary organizations.

Nevertheless, organizations should also consider the potential challenges of adopting database plus, including additional resources and expertise required for implementation, compatibility with existing infrastructure, and the level of community adoption and support. By carefully weighing the pros and cons of each approach, organizations can make an informed decision on which distributed database solution best fits their unique requirements and goals.